Living Well with kidney disease is the theme of World Kidney Day 2021. To ensure kidney health for everyone everywhere we need to put in our combined effort.
Are Kidney Diseases Fatal?
Kidney related diseases are silent killers. 1 out of every 10 people suffers from any of the 5 chronic kidney disease stages. Delay in treatment and diagnosis can worsen and be fatal. It is the sixth eminent factor leading to death across the world. 850 million people are suffering from kidney related diseases. 1.7 million patients die annually from this ailment. (2)
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What is the Objective of Kidney Day?
WKD aims at raising awareness, eradicate misconceptions regarding organ donation, and provide a financial infrastructure for proper treatment. Those without any symptoms must get a periodic screening test to assure a healthy kidney.
IKFK and ISN call for Universal Health Coverage for financial support for patient empowerment. It is possible by providing medical facilities for early detection and prevention of ailments related to the kidney.
Lack of kidney donors, high organ transplantation cost, legal infrastructure, cultural bias, and lack of education are some major factors that need to be rectified for seamless organ transfer. As a part of the global campaign, many health care providers arrange camps for treating kidney diseases. (3)
What is Chronic Kidney Disease?
End stage renal disease is also known as chronic kidney disease. This refers to a persistent problem and gradual worsening or damage. Regular dialysis or kidney transplant is the only measure to recover from this situation. (4)
What is Kidney Failure?
Chronic kidney disease leads to kidney failure. In this stage, the kidney ceases to work. Dialysis or transplantation of the kidney is the only way to survive with such a health condition. Persistent renal disease is one of the major signs of kidney failure. Kidney failure takes place in five stages. Hence, identifying the same and taking immediate medical assistance is necessary. (5)
Causes of Kidney Diseases
- Prolonged medication of cardiac disease
- Physiological issue
Symptoms to Identify Kidney Problem
- Swelling of feet and ankles
- Frequent and insufficient quantity of urine
- Pain and irritation while urinating
- Muscle cramps
- Pain in legs
- Itching or piercing sensation in urogenital area
- Back pain
- Abdominal pain
- Rashes (6)
What is Acute Kidney Injury?
Acute kidney injury refers to sudden kidney failure that occurs within few days or few hours. When waste suddenly rises in the blood it becomes hard for the kidney to filter. Therefore, it becomes difficult for the kidney to maintain the optimum balance of fluids in the body. This causes the failure of renal function. (7)
What is Kidney Stone?
One of the most searched queries on the internet is what is a kidney stone? When minerals and toxins in the blood get accumulated in the kidney forming crystals or solid masses then they are called stones. It generally passes through the urine; however, it is very painful. (8)
What is Glomerulonephritis?
Glomeruli are a network of blood capillaries located in the cortical part of the kidney or proximal of the nephron. It is made of intraglomerular mesangial cells.
Glomerulus filters the blood. Glomerulonephritis is an ailment caused by inflammation of glomeruli by infection, congenital abnormalities, and drugs. (9)
What is Polycystic Kidney Disease?
Small fluid sacs grow inside the kidney, which interferes with the different functions of the kidney. This is a genetic disorder and a serious ailment that can result in kidney failure.
What is Urinary Tract Infection?
Bacterial infection in the urinary system consisting of bladder and urethra is a urinary tract infection. It is easily treatable by proper medication. If the problem persists without any treatment then it may lead to a blood infection or kidney failure.
Tests to diagnose Kidney Disease
- Ultrasounds – Provides images of urinary tract and kidneys
- CT Scan – Shows the image regarding structural problem and tumours
- Biopsy – It examines the tissue taken from the kidney and urinary tract to analyse the presence of disease and if any damage is present
- Urine Test – This test analyses the presence of albumin. It is a protein found in urine only when kidney damages
- Blood Creatinine Test – Creatinine is stored in muscles. On breaking down it comes in blood as a waste product. When the kidney does not works properly the level of creatinine rises in blood (10)
Medication for Kidney Disease
Treatment of kidney disease involves two major categories of medicines:
- Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors like ramipril or Lisinopril
- Angiotensin receptor blockers like olmesartan and irbesartan
- Simvastatin for reducing cholesterol in the blood
To reduce the excessive pressure of blood on the kidney these medicines are prescribed to preserve normal kidney function. Some other medicines are also advised to relieve anaemia and decrease the count of red blood cells. (11)
What is Dialysis & What is its Function in Renal Ailments?
The process of artificially filtering the blood on behalf of the kidney is known as Dialysis. In end stage renal disease or kidney failure dialysis is the only support until the kidney is transplanted.
Precautionary Measures to Avoid Kidney Problems
A healthy lifestyle and balanced diet can keep a person overall healthy and devoid of all diseases. Some special precautionary measures for the health of the kidney are:
- Controlling diabetes with medicines or insulin injections
- Cut on foods rich in cholesterol
- Avoid intake of raw salt
- Have veggies, fruits, whole grains, and low fat food
- No smoking
- Regular exercise
- Weight loss
Our Endeavour in Celebrating Health Day
We are dedicated throughout the year to supporting the healthcare industry by trading active pharmaceutical ingredients with promising therapeutic efficacy.
Anzen Exports has been serving for the last 30 years. Our expertise and experience augment our resourcing efficacy and reach out to the finest active pharmaceutical ingredients manufacturer. We have more than 600 companies in our clientele over 65 countries.
API is the principal component of any medicine. In fact it determines the efficacy of the drug. Our consistent effort to produce this API to the drug manufacturers without any hindrance or delay is an approach to celebrate health days.
Moreover, our blog page focuses to raise awareness about various health conditions, precautions, risks, and modes of medication. The deep delved research from authentic websites and medical journals empowers us to provide real facts and figures in the simple language under a single frame.
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Anzen Exports’ blog posts are based just on our research from cited websites. To be best informed, we advise consulting a doctor about an ingredient or medicine prior to taking it.
- National Library of Medicine
- World Kidney Day
3) Days of the year
4) American Kidney Fund
5) Mayo Clinic
7) International Society of Nephrology
8) American Kidney Fund
11) Mayo Clinic
Website – https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chronic-kidney-disease/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354527