Enterococcus faecium is a bacterium that lives in human and animal gastrointestinal tracts. It has the potential to cause illnesses such as newborn meningitis and endocarditis. It is naturally resistant to a wide range of antibacterial treatments. Thus, it increases the risk of colonization and infection.
Enterococcus faecium is a kind of typical gut flora found in both animals and humans. They are responsible for the spread of infections and antibiotic resistance in organisms. Patients infected with these organisms may develop treatment resistance. (1)
E.faecium has a changeable depiction. On the one hand, they are responsible for several serious diseases and antibiotic resistance. However, it has immense potential as a probiotic.
E.faecium has two distinct subpopulations. The first subpopulation represents commensals of the GI tract and is not involved in clinical infection. The second subpopulation causes nosocomial outbreaks and infections in hospitalized patients.
Role in Medicine
As a probiotic, it exemplifies its role in infection for the benefit of human health. It can also produce bacteriocins, inducing harmful pathogenic microorganisms. It attaches to the surface of intestinal cells and can build a protective barrier around the stomach. Harmful organisms cannot settle in these places and therefore infect the body. E. faecium in these places runs out of resources and nutrients and prevents pathogens from multiplying.
It can produce folate, an essential vitamin. Folate is a mineral needed by the body for cell metabolism, cell division, and vitamins and amino acids synthesis. Research says that E. faecium may boost immune cell function, improve the regulation of cell proliferation, and elevate the fat-burning capacity. (2)
E. faecium is influential in manufacturing fermented foods like cheese, sauerkraut, and tempeh. It can also handle a wide range of pH and heat in food manufacturing. These fermented foods provide the immunity to inhibit the growth of unwanted microbes in the gut.
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Anzen Export’s blog posts have been written with the information gathered from approved medical journals and websites online. Our research and technical team strive to provide relevant information through such articles. We advise consulting a doctor about an ingredient or medicine before taking it to be best informed.