Citrus Aurantium, commonly called Bitter Orange, is a fruit-bearing tree found in the Arabian Peninsula, Syria, Southeast Asia, East Africa; and also grown in the Mediterranean region and California and Florida. (2) Citrus Aurantium contains flavonoid types of foods and has multiple therapeutic properties. (1) It imparts biological credentials to combat conditions such as cancer, especially lung and prostate cancers, anxiety, gastrointestinal disorders, obesity, diabetes, and bacterial activity. It is also used as an acidifying and flavouring agent for food. (1)
Role in Traditional Chinese Medicine
Citrus Aurantium is comprised of vitamins, minerals, phenolic compounds and terpenoids. It is a flavonoid belonging to phenolics which are a part of physiological and pharmacological therapy. The flavonoids may be flavones, flavanones, flavonols and anthocyanins. (1) In Chinese medicine, the dried immature fruit called ‘Zhiqiao’ (Citrus Aurantium) has been used to treat cardiovascular diseases in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries. The herb was considered to have therapeutic properties, especially anti-inflammatory and antiatherogenic. It also had a role in lipid and glucose metabolism.
Uses of Citrus Aurantium
- Bitter Orange has been said to have been used in traditional Chinese medicine for indigestion, nausea, and constipation.
- Synephrine present in Bitter Orange is used as a constituent in herbal medicine. It is effective as a stimulant and appetite suppressant.
- Bitter Orange may be promoted for heartburn, nasal congestion, weight loss, and athletic performance.
- Present in tropical oils, it may be applied to the skin to get relief in conditions from ringworm, jock itch and athletic foot infections. It is also used for pain, bruises, fungal infections and bedsores.
- It can be safely inhaled as aromatherapy. Studies have portrayed Bitter Orange to possess the ability to reduce anxiety levels. It also helps with depression.
- Bitter Orange oil is safe to apply but is sensitive to the sun.
- The fruit and leaves produce lather and can be used as soap.
- The hard and whitish-yellow wood is used in woodworking and for making baseballs in Cuba, South America. (2)(3)(4)
Side Effects on the Use of Citrus Aurantium
Dosages taken of Bitter Orange in the diet are safe, and large intake as medicine may be harmful and unsafe. Administered with caffeine or caffeine-containing herbs might prove risky since increased blood pressure, heart attack, fainting, cardiac arrest and other severe infections may occur. Bitter Orange possesses synephrine, which can cause the following conditions when interacting with caffeine:
- High Blood Pressure
- Heart Disease
- Arrhythmia (3)
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Anzen Export’s blog posts have been written with the information gathered from approved medical journals and websites online. Our research and technical team strive to provide relevant information through such articles. To be best informed, we advise consulting a doctor about an ingredient or medicine before taking it.