Cardiovascular diseases account for the death of 17 million people across the world. Irrespective of age group, this disease is an alarming medical condition. To enhance awareness regarding Cardio Vascular Diseases (CVD), its types, symptoms, and precautions, World Heart Federation celebrates 29th Sept as World Heart Day. This day creates a common platform for government, organization, and individuals to take the initiative in fighting with CVD. By maintaining a healthy lifestyle and controlling risk factors, we can save as many as 80% of lives that end up in premature death due to heart diseases. (1)
#Use Heart to Beat Cardio Vascular Disease – 29th Sept 2020
On the World Heart Day 2020, World Heart Federation urges each individual to be the part of this global campaign #Use Heart to Beat Cardio Vascular Disease. Steps we must take: (2) (3)
- As an individual, understand and educate others to change health degenerating habits and adopt a healthy lifestyle. For e.g., avoid smoking, chewing tobacco, drinking. Maintain a healthy diet, regularly exercise, maintain low body mass index and healthy weight, request a doctor’s help to observe CVD symptoms, etc.
- As an employer, invest in the heart health of employees. For e.g., organizing health checkup camps, organizing seminars on heart diseases and its early signs and symptoms, cooking demonstrations to maintain good levels of cholesterol and blood pressure, putting in placea stress management system, making gym or exercise compulsory after office hours, etc.
- As a government, implement laws and policies to make societal health better. For e.g., taxes on sugar, banning smoking and drinking, reducing pollution, etc.
What are CVD and types?
CVD affect the function and structure of the heart. Various types of CVD are: (4)
- Abnormal heart rhythms or Arrhythmias – A heart beats 60 to 100 times per minute, which is 100,000 times in 24 hours. When the heartbeat rhythm becomes irregular or dysrhythmia (too fast or too slow), then it is called abnormal heart rhythms or arrhythmias.
- Aorta disease and Marfan syndrome – Aorta takes oxygen rich blood to all parts of your body. It is the largest artery of the human body. Sometimes it might tear or widen. This causes disorders like Atherosclerosis or hardened arteries, high blood pressure, and weakens other blood vessels’ walls.
- Cardiomyopathies – It is a disease of the heart muscles and is also known as the enlargement of the heart. In such a condition,the heart pumps blood slowly, which may sometimes lead to a heart failure.
- Congenital heart disease – It is a disease causedby a birth defect in the heart. It causes problems in various parts of the heart and blood vessels. It occurs genetically or due to a viral infection.
- Coronary artery disease – It is the narrowing of the arteries supplying oxygen and nutrients to the heart; also known as atherosclerosis.
- Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism – It occurs due to blood clots in veins, which may travel to different parts of the body.
- Heart attack – When the heart stops supplying blood to a certain part of its muscle, we refer to it as a heart attack.Heart attack symptoms include chest tightness, pain, nausea.
- Heart failure – When the heart doesn’t pump blood as strongly as it should, then the medical condition is called a heart failure.
- Heart valve disease – Valves are at the exit point of the four chambers of a heart. These maintain the flow of blood from one chamber to the other. Heart valve related health disorders are aortic stenosis, mitral valve insufficiency, and mitral valve prolapse.
- Pericardial disease – It is an infection that causes the inflammation of the lining of the heart.
- Peripheral vascular disease – It narrows the blood vessels and thus, restricts the blood circulation.
- Rheumatic heart disease – It is caused due to rheumatic fever, which is an inflammatory disease. It damages the valves of the heart. This generally occurs in children.
- Stroke – It occurs when the blood flow from the heart to the brain stops or slows down. The brain fails to get nutrients and oxygen, hence some brain cell dies. It may happen due to heart blockage, artery blockage or leaky blood vessels.
- Vascular disease (Blood Vessel Disease) – It refers to any disease that affects the circulatory system.
Signs & Symptoms
Some signs and symptoms of CVD are:
- Angina (crushing pain or heaviness) in the center of the chest radiating towards the arms, jaws, and other parts of the body
- Shortness of breath, nausea, and sweating
- Indigestion, shoulder, and back pain
- Overwhelming weakness and fatigue
- High Cholesterol
- Genetic problems related to a heart attack or stroke
Treatments & Medicines
Always take a doctor’s advice if you face any of the above stated health disorders or signs and symptoms of CVD. According to your medical condition, the doctor will suggest medicines best suited for the respective disease.
Anzen Exports is one of the leading Indian Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient exporters of cardiovascular drugs. It supplies premium quality of API to more than 70 countries across the world. It has created a niche of manufacturers and patrons throughout 29 years of operations. To get more information on the availability of API related to heart medication, connect with our customer support team.
This Heart Day let us all pledge from our heart to fight CVD and save lives. Let your heart live long with love and care.
Anzen Exports blog posts are based just on our research from cited websites. To be best informed, we advise you to consult your doctor about an ingredient or medicine prior to taking it.
- World Heart Federation
Website – https://www.world-heart-federation.org/world-heart-day/about-whd/
- World Heart Federation
Website – https://www.world-heart-federation.org/world-heart-day/world-heart-day-2020/
- National Today
Website – https://nationaltoday.com/world-heart-day/
Website – https://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/guide/diseases-cardiovascular#1